Hacked Web Site – Possible Solutions

hacked

 

Hacked web site is usually a not a friendly thing at all because it can cost you a lot of time and money. However, VBHOSTNET give a lot of attention to security related matters by ensuring all server software’s and patches are up to date.

Our Technical support and server administrator regularly watches for security bulletins regarding shared hosting and server’s software. Our kernels are kept up to date, non-standard ports are closed off in our aggressive firewall, and server software is kept at the latest stable, secure version.

It is of most important you know what to do when thing like this happens. When a web site is compromised, what most clients immediately have in mind is that the server is unsecured which in most cases are not always true. From careful observation, applications site such s wordpress and joomla are most venerable because of negligence on the part of user, some of these are what we will be looking at in this article.

 

How was I hacked?

If your hosting account has been hacked, the first question you should ask yourself is “How did this really happen?”

There are numbers of possible ways in which criminal may have gained access to your web site and compromise your account:

1. They must have obtained your login details and this can be possible through brut force attack i.e. using software and techniques that tries to guess your password

2. Through a vulnerability in an outdated/insecure script. (This is the most common)

NOTE: VBHOSTNET does not monitor the content you put on your website. You are free to host a wide range of scripts from shopping carts to image galleries, it is a good idea to ensure that the software or scripts you use are kept up to date within your user space. This includes any modules, plugins, themes, addons, and etc. you may have installed and also ensure your contents does not in any way violate our terms and conditions of service.

3. Uploaded a malicious file(s) using an upload script available in your account. SQL injection is also a very malicious act in this regard.

 

Possible Solutions

Now that you have been able to have an idea what means hackers have used to gain access, the next question is “what should I do to resolve it?”

Here are possible suggestions for VBHOSTNET:

Replace Compromise Page

At time hacking may not be as serious as it appear to be it may just affect a section of your site especially the home page, in this case you will need to replace the affected page with similar clean page. This action alone can sometime put your web site back online

Backup your account

You can download all of your site’s content to your local machine via FTP or, if you have access to cPanel, you can process a full account backup through your cPanel. You can follow this link http://vbhostnet.com/blog/?p=100 to get details on how to generate full back fro your site.

Download the backup to your local machine. You will want to ensure you have your backup saved somewhere other than your account on the server before proceeding with the next step.

 

 Reset all of your passwords

This includes your cPanel (control panel), FTP users, database users, script admin users, and email addresses. This area must have been the major access point. In case you are unable to access your cPanel due to the compromise, simply request password reset from support@vbhostnet.com

 

Remove your current content

Delete all of the content from your account’s document root folder. If your site was created with joomla or wordpress, simply uninstall your script via softacolous.

Once your account is compromised, it is possible that the attacker has installed a loophole for easier access in the future. Deleting all of the content from your account’s document root folder is the only true way to ensure you have cleared out all untrusted contents.

 

Reinstall/Update your site’s scripts

Re-install the latest version of any scripts you still need. This includes any plugins, modules, addons, themes, and etc. This can be easily achieved using softacolous or fantastico deluxe from cPanel.

 

Upload clean files

Upload any needed clean files from the backup you generated.

 

How can I prevent my account from being hacked?

Like the saying goes, there is no such thing as 100% security but taking measure at least is far better than no measure at all. Here are some recommendation VBHOSTNET has.

 

Keep scripts updated

Keep all scripts installed within your account updated to the latest version available.

Developers of web-based scripts release new updates to their software periodically. These updates often contain feature upgrades, but more importantly contain security updates as well. By keeping your scripts up to date, you ensure that the latest security holes are patched and only the content you post is displayed on your website.

If you have installed any scripts through Fantastico or Softaculous within your cPanel, you can have a notification emailed to you once a new version is available for any of the scripts you have installed.

 

Use secure passwords

Only use secure passwords. A secure password consists of letters, lowercase and uppercase, and numbers composed in a random pattern. At the very least, you want to ensure your passwords do not occur in a dictionary. It is not uncommon for hackers to attempt what is called a “Dictionary Attack”. In such an attack, all of the words contained within a dictionary are guessed as a possible password. If your password occurs in the dictionary, such a brute-force guessing attack will succeed and allow unauthorized visitors access to privileged information. Here are a few examples:

Example of Bad Passwords: password, sailboat, admin, yellow

Example of Good Passwords: hal2kejslIs9, 122l0745Js, Plwn24sueh37

Your passwords should be 8-15 characters in length and, if you cannot remember it, should be written down in a location only you are aware of. Do not share passwords with untrusted individuals.

 

Update Password Regularly

This can add an extra security to your entire hosting account. It is a good security practice to change the password of various login including cpanel, joomla, wordpress admin from time to time even if somehow happens to have your login details, they may meet with disappointments the next time try since you must have updated them.

 

Password protect admin folders

Password protects the directory where any script’s admin panels are located.

This is just added security to ensure only the individuals you want to have access to your script’s admin panel have access. If you have access to cPanel, you can password protect a directory through your cPanel. You can view our knowledgebase article on how to Password Protect a Directory

 

Secure Upload scripts

Make sure any upload scripts installed within your account are locked down so that only the individuals you want to be able to use them are able to do so.

Doing this could be something as simple as password protecting the directory where the upload script is located. It depends on how the upload script is installed. If you’re not sure how to lock down your upload script(s), you will want to contact the script developers for more details on how to do so.

 

Remove script install files

Remove any script install files from your account. Scripts usually let you know, after installation is complete, what files should be removed from your account. If you’re not sure what can and cannot be removed, you will want to contact the script developers for assistance.

 

Unique MySQL users

Use a username and password to connect to a database that is only used to connect to that database.

What this means is do not use a username and password that are used to connect to other things related to your account. For example, scripts can be configured to connect to a database using the account’s cPanel username and password. This is a bad idea because the database connection details specified within a script’s configuration file are usually stored within a flat text file which can be read. If a hacker is able to read your script’s configuration file, using a username and password that are only able to connect to the database specified within the configuration file will ensure the hacker does not gain access to anything else.

 

Security Plugins for application

Install any available security plugins that are recommended for your script(s).

If you’re not sure of any, you could search for recommendations to see what other users of your script(s) recommend or you may contact the script developers directly and ask what they recommend.

 

Separate Addon Domains

Do not host multiple sites that have scripts installed within them under one user.

It is best to keep sites that have scripts installed within them separated into their own user spaces. The reason being because if one of the sites gets hacked, the hacker will most likely have access to all of the other sites being hosted under that user. By separating the sites into their own users, you are limiting the damage the hacker can do.

As the saying goes, an ounce of prevention is worth a pound of cure. Recovering from a hacking can be time consuming, not to mention detrimental to your site’s image. By following the preventative measures above, you can spare yourself the hassle of restoring your site and removing unwanted material.

Like the saying goes “There is no such thing as 100% security” VBHOSTNET want to hope that this resource articles have added extra security knowledge to you. Providing quality service is not only from our end, you as our server user have a very important role to play by educating yourself.

 

Best wishes

On Shared Hosting Environment, Some Important Tips for You

One problem that is commonly face is the issue of suspended account for resource over usage and most webmaster think is unfair, true though, but faire usage is a strict policy too in order to keep our servers in good working conditions for all clients residing on it. Shared web hosting is one of the most preferred methods for hosting websites and blogs. Individuals, freelancers and small business web site start with shared hosting packages and gradually upgrade as their traffic and revenue increase.

New webmasters often find it very difficult using their shared hosting plan in a right manner. Sometimes, the problems faced by webmasters can be easily avoided or can be solved by following some very basic precautions in order to effectively harness it. In a nutshell, proper utilization of shared hosting requires careful implementation of website setup and maintenance. A single weak link in the chain can bring the entire site down. So here’s a handy guide for new webmasters and bloggers who’ve recently purchased a shared hosting plan and struggle to get the best experience as expected.

Less WordPress Plugin

It’s very tempting to install a new plugin for every new customization needed for our blogs or websites. They’re easy to use but may eat our server’s resources without our knowledge. Most time this lead to account suspension if one of your plugins is slowing down the entire shared server. The best option regarding plugin usage is to restrict yourself from installing any plugin unless you cannot implement a custom functionality without one.

It is often seen that an untested plugin is the reason for either making the entire website sluggish or breaking it altogether. Shared server resources are limited; especially the CPU share and installing inefficient resource hogging plugins can mess things up. Funny you cannot actually tell if a plugin in good and bad..

Go through our TOS and know about our resource limits

Knowing the Dos and DON’TS is one good way to have a general idea on how our web servers are run. For an example because clients see the unlimited stuff immediately thinks they can do anything not knowing there are certain things that are prohibited on server for the sole purpose of fair usage

Use Google Apps for email

Using Google Apps can be a very good way to handle email and other mass storage matter there reducing server load from your own account. This not only reduces email handling load from your web server, but also gives you robust infrastructure of Gmail to process all your mails.

Check knowledgebase/blog before contacting our support

Newbies are prone to this when it comes to dealing with hosting problems. Whenever you’re going to implement something new or want to tweak a portion of your website, always scan the knowledge base before going ahead. Same thing applies to incidents where you run to customer support immediately after encountering a problem with your website. In most cases, the answer of the problem lies in the knowledge base or in the help manuals. Once you’ve tried all the solutions given in the manual and if still the problem is persisting, you can definitely open a support ticket for the same. This approach helps in the following ways.

You learn from experience – The more you search and discover, the more you learn vital details of properly maintaining a website or a blog. This not only makes you able of solving minor problems on your own, but also equips you with added technical knowledge so that you do not repeat those mistakes again.

You get excellent customer support – Yes that’s true and does make sense. Do you like a kid rolling on floor for every little problem he faces? Same thing applies to you when you’re running to customer support for every little problem that can be easily solved by yourself provided you’re ready to scan the help manuals. Check, read and try to rectify. If everything fails, press the support button and you’ll get the best possible customer support experience from your web hosting company.

Check compatibility of caching plugins before using them

Caching plugins like W3 Total Cache can be very confusing for new website owners. Although, an average user understands the concept of caching but fails to correctly configure various available options in the plugin. Before you install this plugin on your website, you must check or inquire about its compatibility with your shared server.

Once you get the green signal either through customer support or through the help manuals you can go ahead and install it. Remember, configuration of various options is quite different in different hosting environments. For example, you cannot use APC page caching in a shared hosting environment. Make sure you read the entire manual before applying these settings else it may bring down your website altogether.

Be careful with cron jobs

Who doesn’t love automation? We all love to automate maximum possible daily routines to lessen our burden. Cron jobs are one of the best possible ways to create scheduled tasks that you need to complete at specific intervals on your web server. You must be familiar with the standard syntax and directives used in creating a typical Cron job.

Normally, a shell script is triggered through these Cron jobs to perform a routine task. You must be very careful while using these shell scripts as a little mistake can bring down the entire server. It’s always better to get commonly used scripts that are thoroughly tested by the community. In case you’re unsure, you can get it inspected by the support representative before including it in your Cron job.

 

Secure  FTP can be an added security

This is applicable not just for shared hosting environment but is vital for any kind of hosting setup. Generally, new users do not bother to use secure version of FTP and transfer files to and fro from their web server without any security cover. This can be dangerous especially if you’re uploading sensitive files containing your login information.

The best possible solution is to create a SFTP account for securely transferring the files to your shared server. This way all your file stream is encrypted before it is sent to the server giving you security from hackers and packet sniffers. It may slightly slow down the file transfer process but you’ll be assured of any kind of information stealing from your sensitive files.

Examine raw server logs often

A good webmaster always preemptively takes necessary measures to guard against possible hacking attempts. One such measure is close examination of raw server logs for any suspicious activity. If you receive massive amount of traffic, you cannot examine entire logs on a daily basis. But, you can certainly check them on a random basis at least once a week to pick any abnormal activity.

Interpreting raw Apache server logs requires some knowledge and general users may not understand it at all. Here’s a common log format generated by Apache web server. Technically challenged users can also use this handy Apache log viewer to better understand and interpret the entries.

Investigating DNS Issues using a DNS Tool

I will like to introduce you to a very important tool that serves all web hosting company around the world for some time. It is basically a resource web site that help you check the health and status of DNS of a specified domain names and I will illustrate what each reports indicate so you can understand things better.

Not every time you contact support, but when you can check out some few stuff yourself then you are going professional and in control. This tool is most useful for troubleshooting domain names that refuses to show up online. This help you know if a domain name is pointing correctly to your nameserver or not, also also let you know if server is unavailable too thereby knowing what you should do before contacting support.

Now visit www.intodns.com and enter your domain name to display a report. It is partly like an whois tool but this show more nameserver records than personal information.

There are a times when clients comes to you with issue of their web site not been accessible. In cases like this the first thing that will come to your mind is that server has issue which may not be the case. Now intodns is one good place to start investigating what the issue is with a particular web site.

Let’s begin the process of understanding how to use this tool to investigate a domain name:

 

Investigating DNS Issues using a DNS Tool

 

The first section that you will see shows details of nameserver as well as ip address that a particular domain name is using. Let say you have created an account for a clients yet after some few hours the domain refuses to come up alive, this section will then help you know if the clients domain name is using the appropriate nameserver with ip address or is using another NS which may be pointing to a different server in this case, the client need to update his NS.

Bear in mind that adequate knowledge of the server in which you are hosted on is needed to know exactly which ip address your server is using including name and other important information. This information can be gotten from the email message that contains your login details or you can simply contact our support department.

The next important aspect of this report is the part that displays your domain name and server A records, this area which is located at the bottom shows server details such as ip address and sometimes server name.

 

Unlimited Domain hosting service from VBHOSTNET

 

Once this part is missing in your report when troubleshooting a domain which is usually in the colour red in case of problem, then it is an indication that either such account is no longer available on server, or server may be unreachable.

How does this help

It does help in a large numbers of ways to detect a problem with a domain name that is not showing up. For example all reports should always display a neutral colour but when you see any sort of red color, that is an indication of problem. I just hope this will help you check out DNS related issue . Please take out time to play with this, read every details so you can better understand what is shown to you during report.

Most time clients come calling that their site is down which may not be the case, so this will help you know that

Moving to a new Web Hosting Service Providers

There are many several reasons why individuals or companies want to change to a new web hosting company. It could be poor customer service, storage and bandwidth limitations, poor service e.t.c. It may look like a daunting task on first though but it can be relatively easy if your now exactly what to do.

Here are some very important tips to keep in mind when initiating an transfer process:

Buy a hosting package

I guess the reason for reading this post is because you are interesting in moving your web site to our professional web hosting. SO the first things we will you to do if to buy a hosting package that suite your budget and kind of web site. All you need do is place order though our automated ordering process, at the end of the process, you will find an account number to pay to.

Contact Support Department

Once you have purchased a hosting packages, simply send the login details of the domain name you wish to transfer to our support department in order assist you in backing up and restore your entire site flawlessly to our server.

You should have access to your domain name

This is one important aspect of the entire process because most web hosting companies usually register domain for clients there restricting access to domain management. In case like this you should contact your provider to help change nameserver to our own or simply request for EPP code in order to transfer the domain name itself to us.

Keep your web hosting account with your existing host open

During this period you should avoid informing your previous host about your transfer to avoid any restrains. It is recommend that you keep your existing web hosting account active until you have completed the transition steps (ie. new account setup, file transfer, email creation and setup, DNS modification and propagation). This will ensure that your website and domain email accounts will be running during the transition.

Update your Nameserver

Once your  entire site have been backup and restored to our server, you can go ahead and make the necessary domain name server (DNS) changes.

DNS is usually obtained once you have signed up with the our web hosting service and usually contained in our welcome email message. You will need to replace your existing DNS settings with the new one – this is usually done via your domain management panel (your domain registrar) as we earlier discussed.

The new DNS will take anywhere between 24-48 hours to propagate, therefore the old web host is responsible for website and email in the meantime. This is why cancelling the old service should be the very last thing to do.
Cancel your old account.

Once your new account has been activated and your website and email services at your new web hosting provider are up and running, you can proceed to have your old account cancelled.

Difference between Dedicated IPs and Shared IPs

Ip address, numbers and digits and binary are the basic building blocks of computer and information technology. when someone types in the address: www.yourdomain.com that name is translated into digits referred to as  IP address, then the computer is directed to that specific web site. Every web site on the internet is can  access not by its domain name but by its IP address because in actuality computer does not understand alphabet like human but digits and binary codes.

Aside being able to access a site via its domain name, you can also reach a site by typing in the IP address alone and that will take you directly to the site. But note, not every single website has an IP address specifically allocated to it. For example, every single website on this server does not use different IP addresses.

Now this can give a clue as to what shared ip address mean. Because your web site account is not the only site on a specific server (shared hosting) it make use of a single ip address which we referred to as shared ip address. On the other hand a dedicated ip address or is an ip address that is assigned only to a specific domain which make you site appear to be hosted alone (dedicated hosting)

Using more than one site on an IP address is called sharing IPs or a Shared IP address. If a site has its own IP address, and shares with no one else, it is called a Unique IP address.

You can always reach a site which has a dedicated IP address by using its IP address alone, but you can’t reach a site using a shared IP address by typing in the IP address alone because when you type in a shared IP address you arrive at the server but the server doesn’t know which site you want to access because you haven’t told it which domain name you want.

One common reason for having a dedicated IP address is that you can use SSL encryption. In order for a person to transmit sensitive data over the internet at times this data must be encrypted to prevent someone from intercepting the information. You can only use this encryption (called SSL) when the web site has its own IP address (dedicated IP). It doesn’t work on a shared IP.

Search engine also place more reputation of dedicated hosting site i.e. web site that appears to own it own ip address that way search engine ranking can also be improved. Just in case you are interested in having a dedicated ip address for your web site, simply contact sales@vbhostnet.com

Creating PHP feedback form for your web site

Using contact form is a very popular way of giving your site visitor flexible way of contacting your without having to log in to their email account to send you message, they can simple use your feedback/contact form to get to you. We are going to let a simple way of creating PHP feedback form that make use of php email function to send the messages to a specified email address, Just in case you don’t know much about PHP, you can still utilize this code by simply copying and editing them with any authoring/design tool of your choice

 

Nor create an HTML file and call it feedback.html or simply copy this code to your own contact page:

<form name=”Feedback” method=”POST” action=”feedbackconifrm.php”>
          <div align=”center”>
            <center>
          <table width=”566″ border=”0″ cellspacing=”2″ cellpadding=”0″ id=”table3″>

<tr>
    <td width = “124”><div align=”right”><label for=”firstname”>
    <font face=”Tahoma” size=”2″ color=”#000000″>First Name</font></label></div></td>
<td width=”436″ height=”0″ align=”left”>
<input id=”firstname” name=”firstname” type=”text” size=”30″ value=”” maxlength=”50″></td></tr><tr>
    <td width = “124”><div align=”right”><label for=”lastname”>
        <font face=”Tahoma” size=”2″ color=”#000000″>Last Name</font></label></div></td>
<td width=”436″ height=”0″ align=”left”>
<input id=”lastname” name=”lastname” type=”text” size=”30″ value=”” maxlength=”50″></td></tr><tr>
    <td width = “124”><div align=”right”>
        <font face=”Tahoma” size=”2″ color=”#000000″>Email</font></div></td>
<td width=”436″ height=”0″ align=”left”>
<input name=”EmailFrom” type=”text” id=”EmailFrom0″ size=”30″></td></tr><tr>
    <td width = “124”><div align=”right”><label for=”phone”>
        <font face=”Tahoma” size=”2″ color=”#000000″>Phone</font></label></div></td>
<td width=”436″ height=”0″ align=”left”>
<input id=”phone” name=”phone” type=”text” size=”30″ value=”” maxlength=”11″></td></tr><tr>
    <td width = “124”><div align=”right”><label for=”subject”>
        <font face=”Tahoma” size=”2″ color=”#000000″>Subject</font></label></div></td>
<td width=”436″ height=”0″ align=”left”>
<input id=”subject” name=”subject” type=”text” size=”30″ value=”” maxlength=”100″></td></tr><tr>
    <td width = “124”><div align=”right”><label for=”message”>
    <font face=”Tahoma” size=”2″ color=”#000000″>Message</font></label></div></td>
<td width=”436″ height=”0″ align=”left”>
<textarea id=”message” name=”message” rows=”9″ cols=”35″></textarea></td></tr><tr>
    <td width = “124”>&nbsp;</td>
<td width=”436″ height=”0″>&nbsp;</td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td width=”124″></td>
<td width=”436″>
<input type=”submit” name=”submitButtonName” value=”Submit”>&nbsp;&nbsp;
<input type=”reset” value=”Reset” name=”B1″></td>

</tr>
</table>
            </center>
          </div>
</form>

 

Next create the PHP file that actually manipulate the submitted data

 

<?php

//Variable that hold the data collected from our form
$firstname = Trim($_POST[‘firstname’]);
$lastname = Trim($_POST[‘lastname’]);
$EmailFrom = $_POST[‘EmailFrom’];
$phone = Trim($_POST[‘phone’]);
$subject = Trim($_POST[‘subject’]);
$message = Trim($_POST[‘message’]);

//Specify an email address to deliver message to
$EmailTo = “user@email.com”;
$Subject = “Message from Feedback form”; //Add a subject

//simple PHP validation for the email feed
$validationOK=true;
if (Trim($EmailFrom)==”f”) $validationOK=false;
if (!$validationOK) {
  echo “Error! Email was not sent. Please check you code.”;
  exit;
}

//Composing the email message
$Body = “”;
$Body .= “FIRST NAME:\n$firstname\n\n”;
$Body .= “LAST NAME:\n$lastname\n\n”;
$Body .= “PHONE:\n$phone\n\n”;
$Body .= “THE MESSAGE:\n$message\n\n”;

//PHP header and email fuctions to send the message
if($subject == NULL) {$subject = “From $EmailFrom”;}
$success = mail($EmailTo, $subject, $Body, “From: <$EmailFrom>”);

if ($success)
{
$echo = “Feedback was successfully submitted”;
}
else {

header(“Location: feedback_failed.html”);
}
?>

The next thing to do is to create a page called feedback_failed.html. this page should contained error message to the user in case of any failure.

That is it, we sincerely hope this php code snippet will add to your advantage in improving your customer relationship

Some basic Domain Names Facts

There are approximately 68 million .COM domains registered. That’s a lot of domain names out on the Internet that are either already taken or just parked in some obsolete spot gathering dust and all kinds of age. The most common names like loser.com. Jamesbrown.com are already taken by net investors who resell the rights to the names. Can you imagine someone having www.elvis.com ? He’s just waiting on the highest bidder!

There are 900 possible combinations for two letter sequences.  If you’re looking for “ET” then you just won’t find it!  Even allowing for digits, again every single web address is taken. Of course, that’s ignoring the fact that .COM registrars now mandate a 3-character minimum length, so it wouldn’t be an option.

Many of the three-letter sequences are taken. Adding digits to a domain name creates a number of garbage domain entries. If you’re dying to acquire great domains and unique domain names, they’ll free up sometimes only to be auctioned off through unique domain name sales.

The longer the domain name that you choose, the more that the possibilities are that it could be available presuming that you’re willing to accept an arbitrary sequence of letters and/or digits. For example, most organizations have 4 letter acronyms (WQAM.com and AFTA.org so you may have a chance using over 4 letters to get the domain name that you want in acronym style!

Of course many of the registered domains are ever, visited, with a huge percentage having nothing more than a “parked page” (users pay domain registrars to put up ads for themselves on these type of parked pages). There are so many combinations and back door tricks to domain name cataloging and classification until the possibilities are endless.

The rule is to obtain a domain name that closely resembles who you are about which gives you and id/entity and brand on the internet.

 

 

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Understanding Compression

What It Is and What’s Involved

Downloading files from the Internet has always been one of the most popular activities on the Internet – third to sending email and browsing the web. We download files from software libraries, ftp directories, YouTube and Google Video, MP3 sites, and we download files sent to us as email attachments.

Being so popular an activity, it’s imperative that you compress the files destined for another computer. File compression combines a number of different files into one file, and it can also significantly reduce a very large file to a smaller one. As a result, the transmission of a compressed file across the Internet is faster and smoother. This article looks at compressed files a little closer and it describes how to compress and decompress them using two of the most popular archiving programs.

Identifying Compressed Files

Most files are compressed in .zip format (if you’re using Windows) or .sit format (if you’re using a Mac). The two most popular software programs used to compress and decompress files are Winzip and StuffIt respectively. There are other programs that do the same thing and there are even programs that can compress and decompress files for both the Windows and the Mac system. However since Winzip and StuffIt are the most popular, we will assume you will use either one to compress and decompress your own files.

If you download a compressed file from a website or file library that ends in an .exe extension, take note that although the file is compressed, it’s typically a file that will install a program onto a computer. .Zip or .Sit files don’t install software – they merely archive a collection of them into one, or they significantly reduce the size of a larger one.

Decompressing Files

Assuming that you have Winzip or StuffIt installed on your computer, you can access the files archived inside a .zip or .sit file by simply double-clicking the archive (a file ending in a .zip or .sit extension). Double-clicking one of these kinds of files will open up a window that displays the contents of the archive. In most cases, you can double click a file inside this window to use it, or you can select it and drag the file to a folder to view later.

Depending on how you elected to install Winzip or StuffIt, you may be able to right-click a .zip or .sit file and have the program extract its contents into a new folder for you.

Compressing Files

When you want to upload a file or email a collection of files to a friend, it’s best to archive it as a .zip or .sit file first. This will decrease the time it takes for your computer to send it elsewhere, and it will also decrease the time it takes for someone else to download it.

To create your own .zip or .sit file, you can select a single file or a group of files from within Explorer, and right-click the selection. Again, depending on how you installed Winzip or StuffIt, you can click the “Add to Zip” or “Add to Sit” option and have these programs automatically archive the file(s) into one.

Some files compress better than others and in some instances, you may not notice that much of a difference. The files that compress the best are images, documents, and multimedia files. Executable files (files that end in an .exe extension) don’t compress that well, however when they’re archived with a sizable number of other files, they compress rather well. Go figure!

Understanding your cPanel – Files

Understandinng your web hosting control pae - Files

 

Backups: This can be used to generate and download a copy of the entire site (home directory, databases, e-mail forwarders configuration, e-mail filters configuration). When you generate backups for your site, compress file with a tar.gz or .gz file will be created and that can be uploaded through the same screen at any time to restore from that backup. This can be useful too when transfer an entire site to a new server. The e-mail configurations can be downloaded on a domain by domain basis and the databases will be backed up one by one unless the Full Web Site Backup option is chosen, in which case the entire site will be backed up. You can choose to store the full backup in your home directory or copy to another server via FTP or SCP.

Backup Wizard provides a simpler solution for completing the tasks listed in the above section.

File Manager: Aside using an FTP client to upload your web site, you can also achieve this from here. This provides an FTP like web client that can be used to edit, upload, and download files, etc. It provides the option to “FTP” into any of a number of separate directories, including the Web directories for each domain on the account. There will be an option to show hidden files in the File Manager so that will make it handier for clients. Once you login, you can make use of a plain text editor, a code editor, or an HTML editor depending on what you want to do.

The Web Disk is setup to allow a user to navigate through files just as you navigate files on your home machine. It will provide you a drag and drop capability.

The Disk Space Usage section can be very useful when a client wants to know where space is being taken up. You can open this utility up and it will provide a graph of exactly how much space each folder takes up as well as a further breakdown.

FTP Accounts From here you can create new FTP users and define which directory you would like them to have access to.

Within the FTP Session Control section, a client can see who is currently logged on via FTP and terminate any unwanted connections that may exist.

Within the Anonymous FTP section, a client can choose to allow anyone to login to their account anonymously as well as define a message that will be sent to any visitors that make use of this functionality but this I tell you is a security breach which have been taken care of from the server end

VBHOSTNET Introduces Cloudflare Technology

Web hosting and cloudflare technology

 

VBHOSTNET is happy to announce a new partnership with CloudFlare, the web’s easiest performance and security solution. As a CloudFlare Certified Partner, we now deliver simple and free solution to help protect and accelerate your website. Once your website joins the CloudFlare community, it loads twice as fast and is protected from a range of online threats.

Getting started is super easy—you just need to log into your control panel and look for the CloudFlare icon. With two clicks, you can activate CloudFlare and your website will automatically be faster and safer around the world.

We are pleased to offer you the CloudFlare service for FREE. There is no commitment. Turning CloudFlare on and off takes two clicks of the mouse, so feel free to try it out. We think you’ll like it.

To learn more about CloudFlare, simply visit these links http://www.vbhostnet.com/cloudflare_technology.html We will love to us this medium to also let you know that we now run an active blog which is updated with free articles on a daily basis, so you can get tutorial to basic cpanel and web hosting related issues as well as company announces/news.